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Volume 8, number 1

Jeffrey Kurtzman and Linda Maria Koldau

Trombe, Trombe d'argento, Trombe squarciate, Tromboni, and Pifferi in Venetian Processions and Ceremonies of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Illustrations

Figure 1. "King Herod's banquet," c. 1525. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie, Dessau. Inv. Nr. 381.

Figure 2. Hermann Finck, Woodcut from title page of Practica Musica, 1556.

Figure 3. Straight trumpets housed in the Civic Museum of the Public Palace, Siena. Photo reproduced with kind permission of the Comune di Siena, U.O. Istituzione e Beni Culturali.

Figure 4. Giacomo Franco, "Corpus Christi Procession," Habiti d'huomeni et donne venetiane con la processione della Ser.ma Signoria et altri particolari, cioè trionfi feste et ceremonie publiche della nobilissima città di Venetia. [1610], Plate XXV. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice. Coll.6.D.31.1 (also It.VII,537).

Figure 5. Lorenzo Lotto, "The Festivities in Honor of Padua," c. 1528–38. Reproduced from the Biblioteca Reale di Torino with the kind permission of the Ministero per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali. Inv. n. 15909.

Figure 6. Vittore Carpaccio, "Martyrdom of the Pilgrims and Funeral of Saint Ursula,"1493, detail. Reproduced from the Gallerie dell'Accademia delle Belle Arti with the kind permission of the Soprintendenza Beni Artistici e Storici Venezia. Cat. no. 580.

Figure 7. Giovanni Le Clerc. "The Doge Enrico Dandolo and the Crusade Captains Swear their Oath," early 17th century. Reproduced from the Great Council Hall of the Doge's Palace with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice.

Figure 8. Giovanni Le Clerc. "The Doge Enrico Dandolo and the Crusade Captains Swear their Oath," early 17th century, detail. Reproduced from the Great Council Hall of the Doge's Palace with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice.

Figure 9. Alessandro Piazza "The Transport of the Body of the Doge [Francesco Morosini, 1688–94] from Napoli di Romania." Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Sala 17.

Figure 10. Alessandro Piazza "The Transport of the Body of the Doge [Francesco Morosini, 1688–94] from Napoli di Romania," detail. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Sala 17.

Figure 11. Gentile Bellini, "Processione della Croce in Piazza San Marco," 1496. Reproduced from the Gallerie dell'Accademia delle Belle Arti with the kind permission of the Soprintendenza Beni Artistici e Storici Venezia. Cat. no. 567.

Figure 12. Gentile Bellini, "Processione della Croce in Piazza San Marco," 1496, detail. Reproduced from the Gallerie dell'Accademia delle Belle Arti with the kind permission of the Soprintendenza Beni Artistici e Storici Venezia. Cat. no. 567.

Figure 13. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 1: Eight Standards, Commanders. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/8.

Figure 14. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 2: Six Silver Trumpets. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/7.

Figure 15. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 3: Retainers of Ambassadors, Trombe pifeari. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/6.

Figure 16. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 4: Cavaliers of the Doge, Squires of the Doge, Canons [of St. Mark's]. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/5.

Figure 17. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 5: Patriarch, Candle, Doge's Crown, Secretaries of the Doge and Senate. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/4.

Figure 18. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 6: Secretaries of the Doge and Senate, Chaplain, Doge's Throne, Doge's Cushion, Grand Chancellor, Election Boy. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/3.

Figure 19. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 7: Doge, Doge's Umbrella, Amassadors, Doge's Sword. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/2.

Figure 20. Matteo Pagan, "Procession in St. Mark's Square on Palm Sunday." 1556–69. Frame 8: Signoria. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.42883/1.

Figure 21. Jost Amman, after Titian. "Procession of the Doge in Venice," cortege. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. Inv. no. A 96/ 6706 (KK).

Figure 22. Jost Amman, after Titian. "Procession of the Doge in Venice," detail. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. Inv. no. A 96/ 6706 (KK).

Figure 23. Giacomo Franco, "Procession in St. Mark's Square," Habiti d'huomeni et donne venetiane con la processione della Ser.ma Signoria et altri particolari, cioè trionfi feste et ceremonie publiche della nobilissima città di Venetia. [1610], Plate XXVI. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice. Coll.6.D.31.1 (also It.VII,537).

Figure 24. Giacomo Franco, "Disembarkation at San Giorgio Maggiore," Habiti d'huomeni et donne venetiane con la processione della Ser.ma Signoria et altri particolari, cioè trionfi feste et ceremonie publiche della nobilissima città di Venetia. [1610], Plate XIX. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice. Coll.6.D.31.1 (also It.VII,537).

Figure 25. J. van Vianen, "The Doge in Procession," published by Pieter Van der Aa, early 18th century. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv. M.10506.

Figure 26. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "Embarkation of Dogaressa Morosina Morosini Grimani." Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv.I.n.285.

Figure 27. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "Arrival of the Dogaressa Morosini Grimani at the Doge's Palace," detail, left-hand side. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv.I.n.928.

Figure 28. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "Arrival of the Dogaressa Morosini Grimani at the Doge's Palace," detail, right-hand side. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv.I.n.928.

Figure 29. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "The Dogaressa Marching in Procession in St. Mark's Square," detail 1. Reproduced with the kind permission of Eric Beaussant & Pierre-Yves Lefèvre, Commissaires-Priseurs Associés, Paris.

Figure 30. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "The Dogaressa Marching in Procession in St. Mark's Square," detail 2. Reproduced with the kind permission of Eric Beaussant & Pierre-Yves Lefèvre, Commissaires-Priseurs Associés, Paris.

Figure 31. Giacomo Franco, "The Dogaressa in the Bucintoro en route to the Doge's Palace," Habiti d'huomeni et donne venetiane con la processione della Ser.ma Signoria et altri particolari, cioè trionfi feste et ceremonie publiche della nobilissima città di Venetia. [1610], Plate XXXI. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice. Coll.6.D.31.1 (also It.VII,537).

Figure 32. Giacomo Franco, "The Dogaressa in the Bucintoro." Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv.M.28.

Figure 33. Giovanni Grevembroch, Trombettieri. From Gli abiti de veneziani di quasi ogni età con diligenza raccolti e dipinti nel secolo XVIII. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Gradenigo Dolfin 191, collocamento no. 49.

Figure 34. Giovanni Grevembroch, Suonatore di Piffero. From Gli abiti de veneziani di quasi ogni età con diligenza raccolti e dipinti nel secolo XVIII. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Gradenigo Dolfin 191, collocamento no. 49.

Figure 35. Jacopo Palma the Younger, "The Crusaders Assault Constantinople," c. 1587. Reproduced from the Great Council Hall of the Doge's Palace with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice.

Figure 36. Pietro Damini, "Captain Silvestro Valier Receiving the Keys of his Command," (c. 1619–21). Reproduced from the City Hall of Padua with the kind permission of the Comune di Padova, Settore Musei e Biblioteche.

Figure 37. Pietro Damini, "Captain Silvestro Valier Receiving the Keys of his Command" (c. 1619–21), detail. Reproduced from the City Hall of Padua with the kind permission of the Comune di Padova, Settore Musei e Biblioteche.

Figure 38. Vittore Carpaccio, "Meeting of Ursula and Erus and the Departure of the Pilgrims," 1495, right side. Reproduced from the Gallerie dell'Accademia delle Belle Arti with the kind permission of the Soprintendenza Beni Artistici e Storici Venezia. Cat. no. 575.

Figure 39. Vittore Carpaccio, "Meeting of Ursula and Erus and the Departure of the Pilgrims," 1495, right side, detail. Reproduced from the Gallerie dell'Accademia delle Belle Arti with the kind permission of the Soprintendenza Beni Artistici e Storici Venezia. Cat. no. 575.

Figure 40. Alessandro Piazza, "The Departure of Francesco Morosini for the Levant," end of the 17th century. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Sala 17.

Figure 41. Alessandro Piazza, "The Departure of Francesco Morosini for the Levant," end of the 17th century, detail. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Sala 17.

Figure 42. Antonio Vassillacchi detto l"Aliense, "Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, Disembarks at Venice." Reproduced with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice. Inv.Cl.I.n.932.

Figure 43. Lodovico Mazzolino, "Massacre of the Innocents," early 16th century. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Galleria Arti Doria Pamphilj and Fototeca Nazionale.

Figure 44. Antonio Servi, "Glorification of the Podestà Giulio Gabriel," 1677. Reproduced from the Rotonda of Rovigo with the kind permission of the Pinacoteca dell'Accademia dei Concordi, Rovigo.

Figure 45. Frontispiece from D. Gio. Battista Marinoni, detto Giove, "Fiori Poetici Raccolti nel Funerale del Molto Illustre, e Molto Reverendo Signor Claudio Monteverde . . ." (Venice, Francesco Miloco, 1644). Reproduced with the kind permission of the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice.

Figure 46. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "Venus in the Forge of the Cyclops," early 17th century. Reproduced from the Doge's Palace with the kind permission of the Museo Correr, Venice.

Figure 47. Giulio Carpioni, "Allegory of the Podestà Vincenzo Dolfin," 1647. Reproduced from the Museo Civico of Vicenza with the kind permission of the Comune di Vicenza, Pinacoteca di Vicenza. Inv. A-330.

Figure 48. Andrea Michieli il Vicentino, "The Dogaressa Marching in Procession in St. Mark's Square." Reproduced with the kind permission of Eric Beaussant & Pierre-Yves Lefèvre, Commissaires-Priseurs Associés, Paris.

Figure 49. Brass instruments from Michael Praetorius, Syntagmatis Musici . . . Tomus Secundus De Organographia (Wolffenbüttel: Holwein, 1619), Plate VIII.

Figure 50. Folded trumpet from Marin Mersenne, Harmonie Universelle contenant La Théorie et la Pratique de la Musique: Traité des Instruments, 248.

Figure 51. Giacomo Franco, "Fat Thursday Celebration," Habiti d'huomeni et donne venetiane con la processione della Ser.ma Signoria et altri particolari, cioè trionfi feste et ceremonie publiche della nobilissima città di Venetia. [1610], Plate XXVII. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice. Coll.6.D.31.1 (also It.VII,537).

Figure 52. Straight trumpets housed in the Civic Museum of the Public Palace, Siena, closeup of bells. Photo reproduced with kind permission of the Comune di Siena, U.O. Istituzione e Beni Culturali.

Figure 53. Two folded trumpets of 1578 by Jacob Steiger in the Historiches Museum, Basel. Inv.Nr. 1874.121/1880.206. Photo reproduced with the kind permission of the Historiches Museum, Basel.

Figure 54. Folded trumpet of 1632 by Hans Hainlein from the collection of the Music Instrument Museum in the Stadtmuseum, Munich. Inv. Nr. 67–5. Photo reproduced with the kind permission of the Stadtmuseum, Munich.

Figure 55. Folded trumpet, reputedly of 1623 by Jan Sander of Hanover. Inv. MIR.113. Photo reproduced with the kind permission of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg.

Figure 56. Folded trumpet from end of 17th century by Carl Kodisch of Nürnberg. Inv. MI.162. Photo reproduced with the kind permission of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg.

Figure 57. Folded trumpet of 1581 by Anton Schnitzer from the Collection of Old Music Instruments in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Inv. Nr. 248. Photo reproduced with the kind permission of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Figure 58. Silver trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas, c. 1750. Item P24377, 54.32.1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, 1954, Funds from various donors. n (54.32.1). All rights reserved, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Photo reproduced with the kind permission of the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.



 
 
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